© National Portrait Gallery, London
by A. Hertochs (Hertocks) Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1666
4 1/2 in. x 2 3/4 in. (115 mm x 70 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- William Austin (1627 or 1628-before 1677), Classical scholar and verse writer. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- A. Hertochs (Hertocks) (active 1626-1672), Engraver. Artist associated with 28 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The Great Fire of London starts in a baker's shop in Pudding Lane, destroying two-thirds of the city. Charles II and James, Duke of York personally direct and manually assist with the fire-fighting effort. Thousands are left homeless, though few people die.
Art and science
Mathematical scientist, Isaac Newton, formulates a series of groundbreaking theories concerning light, colour, calculus, and, after supposedly watching an apple fall from a tree, the universal law of gravitation. Nicholas Lanier, Master of the King's Music dies and Frenchman Louis Grabu is appointed the post.
The Four Days' Battle. Dutch navy led by Admiral Michiel de Ruyter attacks the English fleet under George Monck, Duke of Albemarle, now Joint- Commander-in-Chief with Prince Rupert. Outcome of the battle is indecisive, though England loses twice as many men and ships, severely damaging the fleet.