© National Portrait Gallery, London
Unknown man engraved as Sir Francis Drake
by Robert White Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1705
11 3/4 in. x 7 1/2 in. (300 mm x 190 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596), Admiral and circumnavigator. Sitter associated with 36 portraits.
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 607 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
The Act for the Naturalization of Princess Sophia, Electress of Hanover, following the Act of Settlement, 1701, ensures Sophia and her descendants, if Protestant, would succeed to the throne. The passing of the Alien Act in Parliament deems any Scot in England to be a foreign subject.
Art and science
Astronomer, Edmond Halley, publishes his celebrated work Synopsis astronomia cometicae
. Architect, Sir John Vanbrugh is appointed to design Blenheim Palace, a gift from the queen to John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, in recognition of his victory against the French at Blindheim, Bavaria.
Charles Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough having recently been appointed admiral alongside Sir Cloudesley Shovell, sails from England to fight a successful, though controversial campaign in Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession.