© National Portrait Gallery, London
Anne of Denmark
by Lambert Cornelis Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1595
4 in. x 3 in. (102 mm x 77 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Anne of Denmark (1574-1619), Queen of James I. Sitter associated with 45 portraits.
The Nine Years War begins in Ireland. The Earl of Tyrone leads an uprising against the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I. He appeals to the Catholic Philip II of Spain for assistance. Spanish ships land in Cornwall sparking fears of a new Armada. They burn Penzance and Mousehole but then flee. The Jesuit poet and Catholic martyr Robert Southwell is executed for treason. His Saint Peter's Complaint and Other Poems
is posthumously published.
Art and science
Sir Walter Ralegh sets out on a voyage to Guiana (now Venezuela) to find the mythic land of 'El Dorado' where there was said to be large amounts of gold. His search is unsuccessful. Sir Francis Drake sails for the West Indies.William Shakespeare writes Romeo and Juliet
and A Midsummer Night's Dream
at about his time. Portrait of the poet and clergyman John Donne is painted at about this time.
Battle of Fontaine-Française- Henry IV of France defeats the Spanish army and the remnants of the French Catholic League under Charles, Duke of Mayenne. Sigmund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania and Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia defeat the Ottoman army at the Guirgevo (in present-day Romania).Mehmed III succeeds Murad III as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.