© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry, Prince of Wales
by William Hole (Holle) Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1612
7 5/8 in. x 4 7/8 in. (193 mm x 124 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Aged 18, Henry, Prince of Wales dies suddenly, probably from typhoid, sparking widespread mourning throughout the country, and abroad. James I's second son, Charles, becomes heir apparent. Edward Wightman, a Baptist and alleged heretic, is the last person to be burnt at the stake in England.
Art and science
The literary world memorialises Henry, Prince of Wales after his death. Among those who lamented the loss of the popular prince were John Donne and Sir Walter Ralegh. Thomas Shelton's English translation of the first half of Don Quixote
is published, the first translation of the novel into any language.
The betrothal of James I's daughter, Princess Elizabeth, to Frederick, elector palatine, strengthens the Protestant union made between England and German princes under Frederick, concluded earlier in the year.East India Company claims victory against the Portuguese in the Battle of Swally off the coast of Suvali, India.