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William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

18 of 33 portraits of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, by John Keyse Sherwin, after  Richard Brompton, published 1778 - NPG D32032 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham

by John Keyse Sherwin, after Richard Brompton
line engraving, published 1778
15 1/4 in. x 12 in. (386 mm x 305 mm) plate size; 15 3/4 in. x 12 1/2 in. (400 mm x 319 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1950
Reference Collection
NPG D32032

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Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Richard Brompton (1734-1783). Artist associated with 17 portraits.
  • John Keyse Sherwin (1751-1790), Draughtsman and engraver. Artist associated with 50 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D2057: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
  • NPG D19880: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
  • NPG D32904: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
  • NPG D32905: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)

Events of 1778back to top

Current affairs

Catholic Relief Act is the first to provide a measure of catholic emancipation, modifying the penal laws that effectively prevented Catholics from holding public office. The reform is encouraged by the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Mansfield, who had balked at various prosecutions under the statutes now repealed.

Art and science

Francis D'Arblay, writing as Fanny Burney, publishes her novel Evelina, or the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World, in which she satirises contemporary society. Engineer Joseph Bramah invents a type of flush toilet, replacing the usual slide valve with a hinged flap that seals the bottom of the bowl.


American War of Independence: France, joining the American colonies in their fight against Britain, sends a large fleet across the Atlantic. The British rapidly abandon Philadelphia. The American naval hero John Paul Jones makes successful raids around the coasts of Britain. James Cook's third Pacific voyage, aboard the ships HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery, first views Oahu then Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook names the Sandwich Islands.

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