© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
by John Keyse Sherwin, after Richard Brompton Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1778
15 1/4 in. x 12 in. (386 mm x 305 mm) plate size; 15 3/4 in. x 12 1/2 in. (400 mm x 319 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1950
- Richard Brompton (1734-1783). Artist associated with 17 portraits.
- John Keyse Sherwin (1751-1790), Draughtsman and engraver. Artist associated with 50 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- NPG D2057: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
- NPG D19880: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
- NPG D32904: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
- NPG D32905: William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (from same plate)
Catholic Relief Act is the first to provide a measure of catholic emancipation, modifying the penal laws that effectively prevented Catholics from holding public office. The reform is encouraged by the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Mansfield, who had balked at various prosecutions under the statutes now repealed.
Art and science
Francis D'Arblay, writing as Fanny Burney, publishes her novel Evelina, or the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World
, in which she satirises contemporary society.Engineer Joseph Bramah invents a type of flush toilet, replacing the usual slide valve with a hinged flap that seals the bottom of the bowl.
American War of Independence: France, joining the American colonies in their fight against Britain, sends a large fleet across the Atlantic. The British rapidly abandon Philadelphia. The American naval hero John Paul Jones makes successful raids around the coasts of Britain.James Cook's third Pacific voyage, aboard the ships HMS Resolution
and HMS Discovery
, first views Oahu then Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands, which Cook names the Sandwich Islands.