© National Portrait Gallery, London
Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset and Frances, Countess of Somerset
attributed to Renold or Reginold Elstrack (Elstracke), sold by John Hinde Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1615
7 1/2 in. x 6 in. (192 mm x 152 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- NPG D1316: Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset; Frances, Countess of Somerset (from same plate)
- NPG D19777: Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset; Frances, Countess of Somerset (from same plate)
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, is knighted and appointed gentleman of the Bechamber and replaces Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset, as the king's favourite. Buckingham would prosper under the king's patronage, advancing rapidly through the peerage. The Somersets stand trial for the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury.
Art and science
James I produces Remonstrance for the Right of Kings and the Independence of their Crownes
, in which he defends European kingship and directly confronts the papacy. Architect Inigo Jones is appointed Surveyor of the King's Works and would hold the post for 27 years.
The Spanish court send official articles to serve as a basis for negotiations concerning a marriage alliance between Charles, Prince of Wales and the Spanish king Philip III's second daughter, Maria Anna. Marriage of French king Louis XIII and the Spanish Infanta, Anne, Philip III's eldest daughter.