© National Portrait Gallery, London
by John Payne Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1657
9 1/4 in. x 6 5/8 in. (236 mm x 167 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- John Payne (died 1648 or before), Printmaker. Artist associated with 69 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Current affairsThe Humble Petition and Advice
, a revision of the constitution, offers Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell the crown. Proposals to bestow monarchical powers upon Cromwell may have stemmed from the influence of Chief Justice Oliver St John. Cromwell declines the crown.
Art and science
The pamphlet, Killing Noe Murder
, accuses Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell of tyranny and advocates for his assassination. Published in Holland by agitator and later conspirator, Edward Sexby with the assistance of royalist Silius Titus, uncertainty surrounds the authorship of the pamphlet.Oliver Cromwell establishes the General Post Office.
Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish merchant fleet at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Victory in no way enriched England with Spanish bullion, however it established England's reputation as a leading European naval power, and strangled Spain's supply of wealth which halted its army.