© National Portrait Gallery, London
Alexandra of Denmark and her children
by W. & D. Downey Click on the links below to find out more
albumen cabinet card, 1879
5 3/4 in. x 4 in. (145 mm x 102 mm) image size
- W. & D. Downey (active 1855-1940). Artist associated with 924 portraits.
- Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (1864-1892), Eldest son of Edward VII. Sitter in 116 portraits.
- Queen Alexandra (1844-1925), Queen of Edward VII. Sitter associated with 471 portraits, Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- King George V (1865-1936), Reigned 1910-36. Sitter in 473 portraits.
- Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (1867-1931), Princess Royal; wife of 6th Earl of Fife, later Duke of Fife; daughter of King Edward VII. Sitter in 92 portraits.
- Maud, Queen of Norway (1869-1938), Queen consort of King Haakon VII; daughter of King Edward VII. Sitter in 92 portraits.
- Princess Victoria of Wales (1868-1935), Fourth child of King Edward VII. Sitter associated with 110 portraits.
Women's education continues to grow, with the founding of women's colleges in Oxford. Somerville College took its name from the late Scottish scientific writer Mary Somerville. Lady Margaret Hall was founded by Elizabeth Wordsworth, great niece of the poet, and named after Margaret Beaufort, a medieval noblewoman and mother of Henry VII.
Art and science
Edison invents the first practical electric light bulb.The first prehistoric paintings, dating back 14,000 years, are discovered in the Altamira caves in Northern Spain when a young girl notices paintings of bison on the ceilings. The French actress Sarah Bernhardt, already acclaimed for roles in plays such as Racine's Phèdre
and Victor Hugo's Hernani
, celebrates a successful season at London's Gaiety Theatre.
Anglo-Zulu war fought between British forces and the Zulus, after disputes between the Boers and Zulu leader Cetshywayo over the Utrecht border attracted British intervention. The British victory marked the end of the independent Zulu nation, although the Zulu's initial victory at Isandhlwana was a major surprise. The Battle of Rorke's Drift was dramatised in the film Zulu
, starring Michael Caine, in 1964.