© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Martin Droeshout Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1633
6 3/8 in. x 4 1/4 in. (162 mm x 107 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- John Donne (1572-1631), Poet and divine. Sitter associated with 21 portraits.
William Laud is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury. A supporter of the political and religious policies of Charles I, he worked for the uniformity of church doctrine and practice. Formal coronation of Charles I in Scotland. It would be the king's first visit since he left the country aged three.
Art and science
Publication of Histriomastix
by pamphleteer, William Prynne, which denounces female actors, coincides with the queen's participation in a masque; Prynne is consequently tried for sedition. Playwright, John Ford, publishes 'Tis Pity She's a Whore
; its treatment of incest makes it one of the most controversial works in English literature.
Summoned by Pope VIII, Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome to stand trial for the Copernican views he expressed in Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems
, 1632. Found guilty of heresy, he spends the remainder of his life under house arrest.