© National Portrait Gallery, London
Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban
by Frederick Hendrik van Hove, after Simon de Passe Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1650-1690
6 1/4 in. x 3 3/4 in. (158 mm x 94 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- NPG D21285: Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban (from same plate)
- NPG D20313: Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban (from same plate)
- NPG D21286: Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban (from same plate)
Exiled Charles, Prince of Wales, holds negotiations in the Netherlands, with the Scottish Parliament to secure an alliance. Despite misgivings on both sides, and pressure from the Scots for Charles to sign the covenants, the treaty of Breda is agreed. Oliver Cromwell defeats the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar.
Art and science
Poet and politician, Andrew Marvell, composes his greatest political poem, Horatian Ode
upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland. Marvell become Oliver Cromwell's unofficial poet laureate during the Protectorate.
William, The Prince of Orange, grandson of Charles I, is born assuming the title from the moment of birth. Forty years later, he would become William III of England. General-at-Sea, Robert Blake is dispatched to Portugal to prevent attacks on Commonwealth merchant shipping from royalist, Prince Rupert, based in Lisbon.