© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield
by Francesco Bartolozzi, published by Thomas Macklin, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 19 October 1786 (1785)
19 1/8 in. x 14 1/4 in. (485 mm x 361 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1959
- Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815), Engraver. Artist associated with 164 portraits, Sitter in 16 portraits.
- Thomas Macklin (1752 or 1753-1800), Printseller and picture dealer. Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke instigates impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings, former Governor-General of Bengal after concerns about the moral standards of the British in India are raised. Prime Minister William Pitt appoints commissioners for the reduction of the national debt and establishes a sinking fund of £1 million a year. Government approves the establishment of a penal colony at Botany Bay.
Art and science
Robert Burns publishes Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect bringing him immediate success across the country. Engraver and publisher John Boydell initiates plans for his Shakespeare Gallery in an effort to establish a school of British history painting. Merchant David Dale establishes New Lanark in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, as a model cotton milling community.
General Charles Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as Governor-General in India. Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Marriage of Figaro
premieres in Vienna. Francisco Goya is appointed court painter to the Spanish king Charles III.