© National Portrait Gallery, London
'May Day' (Kate ('Kittie') Keown; Mary Ann Hillier; Mary Ryan; William Frederick Gould; unknown girl)
by Julia Margaret Cameron Click on the links below to find out more
albumen print on gold-edged cabinet, 1866
4 1/2 in. x 3 3/4 in. (115 mm x 96 mm) image size
Given by Cordelia Curle (née Fisher), 1959
- William Frederick Gould (born 1861), Son of William Gould. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Mary Ann Hillier (1847-1936), Maid and model; wife of Thomas Gilbert. Sitter associated with 8 portraits.
- Kate ('Kittie') Keown (1857-1922), Daughter of Thomas Keown; wife of Bernard Augustine Freeman. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Mary Ryan (1848-1914), Wife of Henry Cotton. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Julia Margaret Cameron (1815-1879), Pioneer photographer. Artist associated with 113 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
After the failure of Lord Russell's premiership due to party disuniity, the Earl of Derby begins his third, brief, term as Prime Minister. Dr Thomas Barnardo opens the first of his children's homes in the East End of London to care for children left orphaned by the recent cholera outbreak. The charity, now called Barnado's, is still running, although it has changed its focus from the direct care of children to fostering and adoption.
Art and science
Algernon Charles Swinburne causes controversy by publishing his volume of verse, Poems and Ballads
, in which he challenges Victorian moral and religious values. The poems were attacked for their anti-Christianity and sensuality.The botanist Gregor Mendel discovers laws of heredity, after cross-breeding pea-plants, observing how inherited traits are passed on to succeeding generations, laying the foundations for modern genetics.
The Peace of Prague is signed following the end of the Austro-Prussian war. Although lenient towards Austria, the loser, Austria's refusal to cede Venetia to Napoleon III, and in turn Italy, resulted in the Hapsburg's permanent exclusion from German affairs. Prussia thus establishes herself as the only major power among the German states.A Civil Rights Act is passed in the US, guaranteeing the legal rights of freed slaves.