© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary, Princess of Orange
by Jonas Suyderhoef, published by Pieter Claesz Soutman, after Gerrit van Honthorst Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published circa 1625-1650
17 in. x 14 in. (433 mm x 357 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
James I dies at Theobalds Palace, Hertfordshire and the Prince of Wales becomes Charles I. Charles's queen, Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry IV of France, arrives in Dover escorted by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. The court moves to Oxford temporarily due to an outbreak of the bubonic plague.
Art and science
Under the patronage of the queen, a new theatre company is formed, the Queen Henrietta's Men. Richard Perkins is a founding member.
Edward Cecil, Viscount Wimbledon, is recommended by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham to command a naval expedition to Spain. Though some Spanish ships were captured, Wimbledon failed to destroy Cadiz where most of the Spanish fleet was moored. Treaty of The Hague is signed between England and the Dutch Empire.