© National Portrait Gallery, London
Mary, Princess of Orange
by Pieter de Jode I, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, early 17th century
6 5/8 in. x 4 7/8 in. (168 mm x 125 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.
- Pieter de Jode I (circa 1570-1634), Engraver and print publisher. Artist associated with 23 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
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Art and science
William Shakespeare writes Hamlet
.The scientist William Gilbert writes De magnete
('on the magnet'), which pioneers research into the properties of the lodestone (magnetic iron ore) and introduces the terms 'electricity' and 'magnetic pole'. The miniature painter Nicholas Hilliard works on his painting treatise The Art of Limning
at this time.
Henry IV of France marries Marie de Medici from the powerful ruling family of Florence, Italy. The Italian astronomer, philosopher and mathematician Giordano Bruno is sentenced to death by the Roman Inquisition and burned at the stake for heresy.Following the death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu seizes control of Japan at the Battle of Sekigahara.