© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
by Robert White Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1679
11 in. x 6 7/8 in. (280 mm x 175 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Robert White (1645-1703), Engraver. Artist associated with 607 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Cavalier Parliament dissolves over the exclusion crisis - removing James, Duke of York from the line of succession. First of three 'Exclusion Parliaments' assembles; William Russell, Lord Bedford, member of the nascent Whig party, introduces an Exclusion Bill. James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, suppresses rebellious Scottish covenanters at Bothwell Bridge.
Art and science
An adaptation of Sophocles's Oedipus
is published, a collaboration between poet laureate, John Dryden and playwright, Nathaniel Lee. It becomes a hugely successful stage production during the Restoration period. Composer, Henry Purcell, becomes organist of Westminster Abbey.
The daughter of Henrietta Anne of England and Philippe, Duke of Orleans, Marie Louise d'Orleans, marries Charles II of Spain. It was hoped the marriage would improve relations between France and Spain who had previously been at war over the Spanish Netherlands.