© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
published by Balthasar Moncornet Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1657
6 in. x 4 3/8 in. (152 mm x 110 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Balthasar Moncornet (circa 1600-1668), Tapissier, engraver and print publisher. Artist associated with 53 portraits.
Current affairsThe Humble Petition and Advice
, a revision of the constitution, offers Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell the crown. Proposals to bestow monarchical powers upon Cromwell may have stemmed from the influence of Chief Justice Oliver St John. Cromwell declines the crown.
Art and science
The pamphlet, Killing Noe Murder
, accuses Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell of tyranny and advocates for his assassination. Published in Holland by agitator and later conspirator, Edward Sexby with the assistance of royalist Silius Titus, uncertainty surrounds the authorship of the pamphlet.Oliver Cromwell establishes the General Post Office.
Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish merchant fleet at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Victory in no way enriched England with Spanish bullion, however it established England's reputation as a leading European naval power, and strangled Spain's supply of wealth which halted its army.