© National Portrait Gallery, London
Lord John Stuart; Lord Bernard Stuart
by James Macardell, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, mid 18th century (circa 1638)
19 7/8 in. x 14 in. (504 mm x 357 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Lord Bernard Stuart (1622-1645), 'Earl of Lichfield' and royalist Army Officer. Sitter associated with 13 portraits.
- Lord John Stuart (1621-1644), Soldier; son of 3rd Duke of Lennox; brother of Lord Bernard Stuart. Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- James Macardell (1727 or 1728-1765), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 291 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- NPG D13176: Lord Bernard Stuart; Lord John Stuart (from same plate)
- NPG D37325: Lord Bernard Stuart; Lord John Stuart (from same plate)
- NPG D37326: Lord John Stuart; Lord Bernard Stuart (from same plate)
- NPG D42096: Lord John Stuart; Lord Bernard Stuart (from same plate)
Fetter Lane Society founded in London by the Moravians; a reformed group of Protestants led by exiled Saxon Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf. He visits Britain to petition the king for protection for Moravian missionaries working in the British colonies. An act to this effect is finally passed in 1749. John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement.
Art and science
Artist Allan Ramsay returns to London from Rome and sets himself up as a portrait painter. Metallurgist William Champion patents a process to distil zinc from calamine using charcoal in a smelter.
Methodist preacher George Whitefield arrives in Savannah, Georgia to replace John Wesley; the first of seven visits across the Atlantic which make him one of the most widely recognised figures in the American colonies. Merchant sailor Robert Jenkins presents his pickled ear (cut off by Spanish coast-guards in Cuba in 1731) to Parliament stirring up war fever against Spain and leading to the War of Jenkins' Ear the following year.