© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Charles Fox, after Henry William Pickersgill Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1837
16 5/8 in. x 12 1/8 in. (422 mm x 308 mm) plate size; 21 3/4 in. x 17 1/4 in. (552 mm x 439 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Charles Fox (1795-1849), Engraver. Artist associated with 11 portraits.
- Henry William Pickersgill (1782-1875), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 108 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
The controversial monarch William IV dies of pneumonia in June leaving no legitimate heirs, and is succeeded to the throne by his niece Victoria, one month after her eighteenth birthday. The Registration Act of Births, Marriages and Deaths makes it compulsory for all births, marriages and deaths to be registered at a Registry Office.
Art and science
Dickens's second novel Oliver Twist
is serialised in Bentley's Magazine
. The story of the orphan Oliver is an attack on the Poor Law Amendment Acts (1834), a highly contentious piece of legislation which abolished outdoor relief, effectively increasing entry in the workhouse. The novel, famously made into a musical in 1968, marks Dickens as an outspoken social critic as well as a highly popular and commercial writer.
The Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin is killed in a duel with Baron Georges d'Anthès. Considered the founder of modern Russian literature, Pushkin blended Old Slavonic with vernacular Russian and was the first Russian writer to use everyday speech in his poetry. His works include Eugene Onegin