© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Thomas Cross Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1656
8 in. x 5 1/2 in. (203 mm x 140 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Thomas Cross (active 1644-1682), Engraver. Artist associated with 167 portraits.
The Quaker, James Nayler, rides on horseback into Bristol in imitation of Christ entering Jerusalem. He is imprisoned for blasphemy. Oliver Cromwell reluctantly calls a second Protectorate Parliament hoping a compliant parliament will raise money urgently required for the Anglo-Spanish War and maintenance of military government at home.
Art and science
Political theorist, James Harrington, publishes his influential magnus opus, The Commonwealth of Oceana
, which advocates for a utopian republic. Gardener and collector, John Tradescant the Younger, publishes England's first museum catalogue, Musaeum Tradescantianum
, for his museum of rarities housed in his home, called 'The Ark'.
War with Spain officially declared. Admiral, Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich concludes a treaty with Portugal eagerly requiring support to free itself from Spain. Admiral Robert Blake, keeping the fleet at sea throughout the winter to blockade Spain's coastline, enables Captain Richard Stayner to capture a Spanish plate fleet.