1 portrait of William Shakespeare
by Martin Droeshout
line engraving, 1685
7 3/4 in. x 6 1/2 in. (197 mm x 166 mm) plate size; 12 3/8 in. x 6 7/8 in. (313 mm x 175 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
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Sitterback to top
- William Shakespeare (1564-1616), Dramatist and poet. Sitter associated with 96 portraits.
Events of 1685back to top
Current affairsCharles II dies, his heir, Catholic brother, James II, succeeds to the throne. Despite deep distrust by many Protestants, he initially experiences unexpected popularity.
James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, leads the Monmouth Rebellion ambitious to seize the throne. Following his defeat at Sedgemoor, Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill.
Art and scienceOpera Universa, by physician Thomas Sydenham, considered the father of English medicine, is published in London.
Organist, Henry Purcell composes, My heart is inditing, for the coronation of James II and his queen, Mary of Modena.
Writer on dentistry, Charles Allen publishes the earliest known English book on dentistry.