© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Walter Ralegh (Raleigh)
printed for Matt. Gillyflower, after Simon de Passe Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, (1617)
6 3/4 in. x 4 1/8 in. (171 mm x 104 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Sir Walter Ralegh (1554-1618), Soldier, sailor, poet and writer. Sitter in 48 portraits.
- Simon de Passe (1595-1647), Engraver. Artist associated with 202 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Matt. Gillyflower (active circa 1690-1704), Bookseller. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
Robert Carey, Earl of Monmouth is made Chamberlain to Prince Charles. Petitions from Catholics persuade James I to permit certain types of recreation on Sundays. However, the king's subsequent declaration of sports angers Puritans who advocated for appropriate and strict observance of the sabbath.
Art and science
Physician and Rosicrucian, Robert Fludd, begins to publish his philosophical work, Utriusque cosmi
. Extensively illustrated with mystic emblems, Fludd's neoplatonist metaphysics suggested a complex relationship between the spiritual and physical world, prompting attacks from leading scholars.
Incited by Charles d'Albert, Duke of Luynes, Constable of France, the seventeen-year-old French king, Louis XIII, forces his mother Marie de Medici who has held de facto power, into retirement and has her favourite, Concino Concini, assassinated.