© National Portrait Gallery, London
Hon. Simon Butler; Archibald Hamilton Rowan
by John Kay Click on the links below to find out more
5 in. x 3 3/4 in. (128 mm x 96 mm) plate size; 6 3/4 in. x 5 in. (173 mm x 127 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Hon. Simon Butler (circa 1757-1797), A leader of the United Irishmen; son of 10th Viscount Mountgarret. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Archibald Hamilton Rowan (1751-1834), Irish nationalist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- John Kay (1742-1826), Miniature painter and caricaturist. Artist associated with 287 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D32337: Hon. Simon Butler; Archibald Hamilton Rowan (from same plate)
Whig MP Charles Grey enters a motion for parliamentary reform but is defeated in the House of Commons.
Art and science
Radical philosopher William Godwin publishes Political Justice
, an inflamatory document that promoted rational anarchism. This crystallised a wider feeling that a new era of world peace and progress was beginning.Sir William Beechey is appointed Portrait Painter to her Majesty, Queen Charlotte.
Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette are executed and the Reign of Terror begins.France declares war on Britain, Holland and then Spain. William Pitt addresses the House of Commons and Britain hesitantly joins the first coalition of anti-revolutionary European states to oppose the French threat.Attack on Corsica in which Captain Horatio Nelson loses an eye.