© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Peter Paul Rubens
by John Girtin Click on the links below to find out more
etching, late 18th to early 19th century
11 in. x 8 1/2 in. (278 mm x 217 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), Painter. Sitter associated with 13 portraits, Artist associated with 40 portraits.
- John Girtin (circa 1780-after 1820), Engraver and printer; brother of Thomas Girtin. Artist associated with 9 portraits.
Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton resigns as Prime Minister and is succeeded by Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford.
Art and science
Oliver Goldsmith publishes his poem The Deserted Village
. Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke publishes Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents
discussing the limits of the King's authority. 17-year-old Thomas Chatterton, later hailed as a significant poet, commits suicide in a London garret.Thomas Gainsborough paints his portrait of Jonathan Buttall, which later becomes known as The Blue Boy
'Townshend duties' on imports into the colonies are repealed, except for the duty on tea. However, this concession is soon followed by the Boston Massacre, in which British troops fire into an unruly crowd in Boston, killing five. Captain Cook reaches the eastern coast of Australia, at a place which he names Botany Bay. He discovers the Great Barrier Reef when HMS Endeavour runs onto it. Cook claims New South Wales for the British.