© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sarah Bernhardt as Doña Maria in 'Ruy Blas'
by Melandri, published by Wyman & Sons Click on the links below to find out more
woodburytype, published 1 June 1879
4 5/8 in. x 2 7/8 in. (116 mm x 74 mm) image size
- Melandri (active 1870s). Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- Wyman & Sons. Artist associated with 34 portraits.
Women's education continues to grow, with the founding of women's colleges in Oxford. Somerville College took its name from the late Scottish scientific writer Mary Somerville. Lady Margaret Hall was founded by Elizabeth Wordsworth, great niece of the poet, and named after Margaret Beaufort, a medieval noblewoman and mother of Henry VII.
Art and science
Edison invents the first practical electric light bulb.The first prehistoric paintings, dating back 14,000 years, are discovered in the Altamira caves in Northern Spain when a young girl notices paintings of bison on the ceilings. The French actress Sarah Bernhardt, already acclaimed for roles in plays such as Racine's Phèdre
and Victor Hugo's Hernani
, celebrates a successful season at London's Gaiety Theatre.
Anglo-Zulu war fought between British forces and the Zulus, after disputes between the Boers and Zulu leader Cetshywayo over the Utrecht border attracted British intervention. The British victory marked the end of the independent Zulu nation, although the Zulu's initial victory at Isandhlwana was a major surprise. The Battle of Rorke's Drift was dramatised in the film Zulu
, starring Michael Caine, in 1964.