© National Portrait Gallery, London
Ferdinand II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
by Lucas Kilian Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1628
8 1/8 in. x 5 5/8 in. (206 mm x 142 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
John Felton, a professional soldier, assassinates George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. Lawyer and politician, Sir Edward Coke, leads the demand for a Petition of Right which sets out specific civil liberties while curbing Royal power. After much debate, it is reluctantly accepted by Charles I and passed in Parliament.
Art and science
Aged ten, poet Abraham Cowley writes his epic romance, Pyramus and Thisbe
; it would appear in his first publication, Poetical blossoms
, 1633, a collection of five poems. Charles I purchases a substantial art collection from the Duke of Mantua, initially overseen by diplomat, Sir Isaac Wake.
The Huguenots surrender in La Rochelle to Catholic royalist forces. Attempts are made by England to assist the city; a final, unsuccessful expedition is dispatched by Robert Bertie, Earl of Lindsey, now head of the fleet since the death of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham.