© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Jacobus Houbraken, after Samuel Cooper, published by John & Paul Knapton Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1742
14 1/2 in. x 9 in. (368 mm x 228 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Henry Ireton (1611-1651), Parliamentary general. Sitter associated with 17 portraits.
- Samuel Cooper (1609-1672), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 110 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Jacobus Houbraken (1698-1780), Engraver. Artist associated with 435 portraits.
- John & Paul Knapton (active 1735-1789), Booksellers and publishers. Artist associated with 290 portraits.
Robert Walpole resigns as Prime Minister following the scandal surrounding the alleged rigging of the Chippenham by-election. He is made 1st Earl of Orford. Carteret administration formed with Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington as Prime Minister.
Art and science
Composer George Frideric Handel's Messiah
is first performed at The Great Music Hall in Dublin. Ranelagh Gardens opens in Chelsea. Writer Edmond Hoyle publishes the definitive rules of whist.James Bradley succeeds Edmond Halley as Astronomer Royal.Painter Charles Jervas' translation of Don Quixote
is posthumously published.
War of the Austrian Succession: Treaty of Berlin, mediated by Britain, is signed by Maria Theresa of Austria and Frederick II of Prussia, ending the First Silesian War. George II acts as guarantor. Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius proposes 100 degrees between the freezing and boiling points of water.