© National Portrait Gallery, London
by George Vertue, after Gilbert Soest Click on the links below to find out more
engraving, circa 1700-1725
14 3/8 in. x 9 1/2 in. (366 mm x 241 mm) plate size; 20 5/8 in. x 15 in. (525 mm x 381 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Samuel Butler (1612-1680), Author of 'Hudibras'. Sitter in 26 portraits.
- Gilbert Soest (circa 1605-1681), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 51 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- George Vertue (1683-1756), Engraver and antiquary. Artist associated with 853 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
The sudden death of Prince William, son of Princess Anne and George, Prince of Denmark, triggers a succession crisis. His birth had secured the succession of the crown to a Protestant, safeguarding the throne from any future claim by James II's Catholic son, James Francis.
Art and science
Dramatist, William Congreve's comedy The Way of the World
premieres at Lincoln's Inn Theatre, receiving a mixed reception. It would achieve greater literary acclaim in modern times. Poet, John Dryden, dies and is buried in Geoffrey Chaucer's grave in Westminster Abbey.
Diplomat and poet, Matthew Prior, secretly negotiates with Louis XIV, king of France, a second partition treaty concerning the Spanish Empire. However, following the death of Spanish ruler, Carlos II, the agreement collapses since neither Spanish or Austrian governments accept the treaty's proposals.