© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Richard Gaywood Click on the links below to find out more
etching, published 1658
6 1/8 in. x 5 in. (156 mm x 128 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell dies from pneumonia at Whitehall on 3rd September. His effigy lay in state at Somerset House, the ceremony based upon that of James I. Cromwell's son, Richard Cromwell is nominated Lord Protector. Granddaughter of James I, Princess Sophia marries Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover.
Art and science
Puritan divine, Richard Baxter, publishes A Call to the Unconverted
, a core text of evangelicalism. Playwright, William Davenant stages his innovative The Cruelty of the Spaniards in Peru
, relating to Oliver Cromwell's anti-Spanish policy. Presented as a musical, it circumvents the ban imposed during the Interregnum on dramatic performances.
James, Duke of York, fighting alongside his brother, Henry, Duke of Gloucester, commands a Royalist contingent allied to Spanish forces against the armies of England, Holland and France at the Battle of the Dunes. Their defeat ends the prospect of a Royalist invasion of England with Spanish support.