© National Portrait Gallery, London
James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde
by Edward Scriven, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
etching and stipple engraving, published 1824
9 1/4 in. x 6 3/4 in. (234 mm x 172 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Edward Scriven (1775-1841), Engraver. Artist associated with 208 portraits.
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1681 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
- NPG D29359: James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (from same plate)
- NPG D39381: James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (from same plate)
Anti-Trade Union Combination Acts of 1799 and 1800 are repealed after persuasive arguments from radical Francis Place that prohibition of workers' combinations only increased their appeal. The unions had been banned for fear that they were becoming involved in democratic politics.
Art and science
National Gallery is established when Parliament agrees to purchase a collection of thirty-eight paintings from the estate of philanthropist John Julius Angerstein. William Seguier is appointed first Keeper.Society of British Artists holds its first exhibition, aiming to appeal to a broader art public than those who visited the Royal Academy.
Lord Byron dies of a fever at Missolonghi while fighting in the Greek War of Independence. Britain declares war on Burma after threat of Indian invasion. Singapore is ceded to Britain.John Constable's Haywain
receives Gold Medal at the Paris Salon.