William Ewart Gladstone
1 portrait on display in Room 28 at the National Portrait Gallery
William Ewart Gladstone
by Rupert Potter
albumen print, 28 July 1884
7 3/4 in. x 5 5/8 in. (197 mm x 142 mm) image size
Given by Mrs W.O. (Elfrida) Manning (née Thornycroft), 1958
Click on the links below to find out more:
Sitterback to top
- William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Prime Minister and writer. Sitter associated with 315 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Rupert Potter (1832-1914), Barrister and photographer; father of Beatrix Potter. Artist associated with 29 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Beatrix Potter recounted the occasion of this sitting: 'Papa has been photographing old Gladstone this morning at Mr. Millais'. [...] They kept off politics of course, and talked about photography. Mr. Gladstone talked of it on a large scale, but not technically. What would it come to, how far would the art be carried, did papa think people would ever be able to photograph in colours?' Taken in John Everett Millais's studio during the third sitting for the 'Rosebery' portrait, the second of Millais's four paintings of Gladstone.
Placesback to top
- Place made and portrayed: United Kingdom: England, London (Sir John Everett Millais's studio, 2 Palace Gate, Kensington, London)
Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top
- The World of Rupert Potter: Photographs of Beatrix, Millais and friends (13 May 2014 - 16 November 2014)
Events of 1884back to top
Current affairsThe Third Reform Act further reduces the financial threshold for voters, extending the franchise to all householders in the counties, achieving uniformity with those in the boroughs, and effectively doubling the electorate from 2.5 million to just under 5 million.Foundation of the socialist group, the Fabian Society. The group quickly grows in size, including members Eleanor Marx, George Bernard Shaw and Beatrice Webb.
Art and scienceUnder the editorship of James Murray, the Oxford English Dictionary begins publication, with the tenth and final volume appearing 1928. The idea for a historical dictionary of the English language had been conceived by members of the Philological Society in 1857, including Frederick Furnivall, and some 800 voluntary readers contributed to the immense project.
InternationalGermany annexes Southwest Africa, Togoland, the Cameroons, and Tanganyike, and launches the scramble for Africa as it becomes the third largest colonial power in the continent. Bismarck also invites the European powers to a West Africa conference in Berlin, which, carving up the map of Africa between them, regulates colonial practice, frees trade and prohibits slavery, formally marking the start of the New Imperialism which would flourish until World War I.
Exhibitions and displays
- At the Despatch Box: Gladstone in Action
Until 4 June