© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Samuel Freeman, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1812
15 7/8 in. x 12 in. (402 mm x 304 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Samuel Freeman (1773-1857), Engraver. Artist associated with 79 portraits.
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated in the lobby of the House of Commons by a bankrupt named John Bellingham. A new administration is formed under Lord Liverpool.The Toleration Act is passed giving greater freedom of worship to dissenters in order to ensure their political loyalty.
Art and science
Actress Sarah Siddons retires from the London stage. Her final appearance is as Lady Macbeth, the role that made her famous, but the performance has to end after the sleepwalking scene because of the fervour of the audience.Building of Regent's Canal begins under John Rennie.
United States declares war on Britain over grievances arising from British naval conduct in the French wars. American plan for attack on Canada fails and British troops under Sir Edward Pakenham force surrender of Detroit.Wellington defeats French at Salamanca and enters Madrid.Napoleon leads France in disastrous Russian campaign.