© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Samuel Cousins, and by Henry Cousins, after Sir Thomas Lawrence Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published 1834
16 in. x 12 in. (405 mm x 305 mm) plate size; 18 in. x 13 5/8 in. (458 mm x 346 mm) paper size
Given by Ernest Swain, 1898
- Henry Cousins (1809-1864), Engraver; brother of Samuel Cousins. Artist associated with 62 portraits.
- Samuel Cousins (1801-1887), Engraver. Artist associated with 167 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
Sir Robert Peel, Tory, replaces Whig Lord Melbourne as Prime Minister, promising measured reform in a shift from reactionary 'Tory' to more measured 'Conservative' politics (he had voted for the 1832 Reform Act).Trial of Tolpuddle Martyrs
, six labourers transported to Australia after trying to raise funds for workers in need by forming a Friendly Society.
Art and science
Charles Babbage's invents the Analytic Machine. Considered to be the forerunner to the modern computer, the machine was able to make automatic mathematical calculations. Edward Bulwer-Lytton publishes his hugely popular, but now largely neglected, novel Last Days of Pompeii
, set in the Italian city at the time of Mount Vesuvius' eruption in 79AD.
Dom Miguel I, King of Portugal, is defeated by his brother Pedro IV, in the Portuguese civil war. Slavery is abolished in the British dominions, although slaves still working are indentured to their former owners in an 'apprenticeship' system; the philanthropist Joseph Sturge was a prominent critic of the policy, which was abolished in 1838. Whilst slave owners received compensation, slaves received nothing.