© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Georg Siegmund Facius, after John Hoppner Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, 1789
11 7/8 in. x 9 1/2 in. (303 mm x 240 mm) plate size; 16 1/4 in. x 11 3/8 in. (414 mm x 288 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Cartwright (1740-1824), Political reformer. Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
- Georg Siegmund Facius (circa 1750-before 1814), Stipple engraver. Artist associated with 22 portraits.
- John Hoppner (1758-1810), Painter. Artist associated with 213 portraits, Sitter in 13 portraits.
George III recovers from the previous year's illness. The 'Regency Crisis' and attendant political wrangling between the Tory Prime Minister William Pitt and the pro-Whig Prince of Wales end. Dismissed as a 'bilious attack', George's sickness was in fact the first sign of the mental health problems which led to the Prince of Wales's appointment as Regent in 1811.
Art and science
John Boydell's ambitious new Shakespeare Gallery opens in Pall Mall, displaying works by Britain's leading artists and attempting to combine urban entertainment with the promotion of British history painting. Philosopher Jeremy Bentham publishes An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
, outlining his 'greatest happiness principle'.
George Washington is elected first President of the United States.The French Revolution begins. The storming of the Bastille on the 14 July marks the overthrow of the absolute monarchy in France. The uprising followed the establishment of a governing National Assembly of the people's representatives.