Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

1 portrait

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart

by John Smith, after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt
mezzotint, 1688
13 7/8 in. x 10 1/8 in. (354 mm x 258 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1872
Reference Collection
NPG D32652


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Sitterback to top

Artistsback to top

  • Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
  • John Smith (1652-1743), Engraver. Artist associated with 1180 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D11540: Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (from same plate)
  • NPG D10697: Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (from same plate)
  • NPG D32651: Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (from same plate)
  • NPG D32653: Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (from same plate)
  • NPG D34714: Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (from same plate)
  • NPG D30809: Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (from same plate)

Subjects & Themesback to top

Events of 1688back to top

Current affairs

The Glorious Revolution. Senior statesmen, increasingly resentful of James's assault upon liberties of his subjects, invite William III of Orange to invade England. Their action is spurred on by the acquittal of seven bishops who refused to read James II's declaration of indulgence from their pulpits. James flees into exile.

Art and science

George Savile, Marquess of Halifax, publishes his political tract, The Character of a Trimmer, written 1685, which urged Charles II to shake off his brother's influence. Writer, Aphra Behn, publishes Oroonoko, often considered to be an abolitionist treatise.

International

Nine Years' War. Threatened by William III's invasion of England and possible alliance of Protestant European states under his helm, Louis XIV sends French troops into the Rhineland. This pre-emptive strike ignites a war of attrition, and institutes a coalition of European states united in attempting to halt expansionist France.

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