© National Portrait Gallery, London
Prince James Francis Edward Stuart
by Gérard Edelinck, after Nicolas de Largillière Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1692
17 3/8 in. x 12 3/8 in. (440 mm x 315 mm) plate size; 18 1/4 in. x 13 1/4 in. (463 mm x 335 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Statesman and member of the Privy Council, John Churchill is dismissed from office by the monarchs and later imprisoned on suspicion of collaborating with Jacobites. Jacobite sympathisers in the Scottish Highlands, the MacIain clan, are murdered by government troops led by Robert Campbell, in the Glencoe Massacre.
Art and science
Antiquary, Thomas Rymer, is appointed historiographer royal. Rymer would spend the rest of his life transcribing the history of England's alliances and treaties with foreign countries, publishing them in sixteen volumes. Nahum Tate is appointed Poet Laureate.Composer, Henry Purcell, stages the dramatic opera, The Fairy-Queen
Attempts by French and Jacobite-Irish forces to invade England and restore James II to the English throne are thwarted at the naval Battle of La Hogue. The English victory is principally achieved by Vice-Admiral George Rooke's destruction of the enemy's fleet.