© National Portrait Gallery, London
by James Nixon, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
etching, published 1750
3 7/8 in. x 2 1/2 in. (100 mm x 65 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Samuel Butler (1612-1680), Author of 'Hudibras'. Sitter in 26 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- James Nixon (circa 1741-1812), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
Notorious highwayman James MacLaine is apprehended and hanged at Tyburn, having passed in society as a wealthy gentleman for two years.Scottish landlords start evicting tenants in the Highland Clearances. Westminster Bridge is opened, the only fixed crossing of the River Thames between London Bridge and Putney.Iron Act is passed restricting the manufacture of iron products in the American colonies.
Art and science
Electrician and experimental philosopher John Canton reads a paper before the Royal Society on a method of making artificial magnets. Writer Samuel Johnson begins publishing his periodical The Rambler
. Artist Joshua Reynolds travels to Italy, where he remains until 1752. Establishment of the Jockey Club; a gentleman's club which took over the regulation of British horse racing.
Composer Johann Sebastian Bach dies in Leipzig. He completes his Mass in B Minor, worked on over many years, shortly before his death.