© National Portrait Gallery, London
Margaret Cavendish (née Lucas), Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne
published by John Scott, after Abraham Diepenbeeck Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 20 May 1806
7 1/2 in. x 5 1/2 in. (192 mm x 139 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Abraham Diepenbeeck (1596-1675). Artist associated with 34 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- John Scott (active 1799-1808), Publisher. Artist associated with 61 portraits.
William Pitt dies in January and his lifelong opponent Charles James Fox dies in September. Pitt is succeeded by William Wyndham, Baron Grenville, who forms the 'Ministry of all the Talents' coalition .Prince of Wales instigates the 'Delicate Investigation'; a Parliamentary enquiry into claims that his wife Caroline had an illegitimate child.
Art and science
John Constable embarks on a formative tour of the Lakes and makes landscape studies of the Langdale Pikes and Helvellyn.Turner exhibits his Thames views to acclaim at his own London gallery.Humphrey Davy discovers the elements potassium and sodium by passing an electrical current through molten compounds.
Soprano Angelica Catalani arrives from Italy to make her London debut, amazing audiences with her showpiece arias.Napoleon turns his forces east against Austria, Russia and Prussia and enjoys a wave of French victories.British attack on Buenos Aires under General William Beresford fails.