© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Anthony Van Dyck
by Wenceslaus Hollar, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
5 3/8 in. x 4 3/8 in. (135 mm x 111 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Sitter associated with 31 portraits, Artist associated with 1017 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677), Etcher. Artist associated with 533 portraits, Sitter associated with 10 portraits.
Royalists under Prince Rupert are defeated by the united forces of Scottish Covenanters and English Parliamentarians at the Battle of Marston Moor, ending their power in the north of England. Queen Henrietta, having giving birth to her last child, leaves England for safety. She would never see her husband again.
Art and science
French philosopher, René Descartes, publishes Principles of Philosophy
, setting out his views on the laws of physics, notably, the principle concerning the motion of objects in the absence of external forces, later borrowed by Sir Isaac Newton.
The construction of Fort St. George, the first English fortress in India, is completed by the East India Company. It soon became a centre for trade and led to the expansion of settlements, eventually becoming the coastal city of Madras (Chennai).