© National Portrait Gallery, London
Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn
by Henry Richard Cook, published by Mathews & Leigh, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 1 August 1807
7 1/4 in. x 4 3/8 in. (185 mm x 110 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn (1651?-1687), Actress; mistress of Charles II. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
- Henry Richard Cook (active 1804-1849), Engraver. Artist associated with 66 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 842 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Mathews & Leigh (active 1807-1814), Publishers. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
Act is passed abolishing the British slave trade after vigorous campaigning by hundreds of thousands of people led by Thomas Clarkson and championed in parliament by reformer William Wilberforce.Resignation of 'Ministry of all the Talents'. Whig politician William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, Duke of Portland, succeeds as Prime Minister.
Art and science
Thomas Hope publishes Household Furniture and Interior Decoration
; influential in promoting Greek and especially Egyptian models as the epitome of fashionable style.
French invasion of Spain and Portugal.Britain occupies Copenhagen and captures the Danish fleet.Napoleon begins to wage an economic battle against Britain, recognising the impossibility of victory at sea because of Britain's superior naval power. He aims to close the entire European coastline to British trade.