© National Portrait Gallery, London
Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn
by and published by Thomas van der Wilt Click on the links below to find out more
12 1/2 in. x 10 1/8 in. (318 mm x 258 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn (1651?-1687), Actress; mistress of Charles II. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
The fellows of Magdalen College, defying James II's instructions that they choose a Roman Catholic as its president, elect John Hough, Bishop of Worcester. The crown subsequently expels the fellows and annuls Hough's position. The Declaration of Indulgence is issued, granting greater religious tolerance towards nonconformists and Catholics.
Art and science
Astronomer, Edmond Halley, publishes Isaac Newton's Principia
, Newton's theory on the laws of gravity and motion. Poet laureate, John Dryden, publishes The Hind and the Panther
, a pro-Catholic, allegorical poem constructed as a theological discussion between the animals who represent the Church of Rome and Church of England respectively.
Papist Richard Talbot is appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland, the first Catholic to take the position since the Reformation.