© National Portrait Gallery, London
Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn
by Peter van Bleeck, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
13 7/8 in. x 9 7/8 in. (351 mm x 252 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn (1651?-1687), Actress; mistress of Charles II. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 842 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Peter van Bleeck (1697-1764). Artist associated with 20 portraits.
Frederick, Prince of Wales dies and is succeeded by his son, later George III, as Prince of Wales.Third Gin Act requires government inspection of distilleries and restricts sales to licensed premises in an effort to curtail consumption.
Art and science
Thomas Gray publishes his poem Elegy written in a Country Church Yard
.Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
.Eliza Haywood publishes her novel The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless
. William Hogarth publishes his satirical engravings Beer-Street
, Gin Lane
and The Four Stages of Cruelty
Robert Clive reopens hostilities with the French in India. He prevails after holding out during the siege of Arcot.First part of the Encyclopédie
- an innovative 28 volume encyclopedia which represented the dominant strains of Enlightenment thinking - is published in France, edited by Diderot. Swedish chemist Alex Cronstedt identifies nickel as an impurity in copper ore as a separate metallic element.