© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
by Richard Houston, after William Hoare Click on the links below to find out more
14 in. x 10 in. (355 mm x 255 mm) plate size; 14 1/4 in. x 10 3/8 in. (362 mm x 262 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- William Hoare (1707-1792), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 74 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Richard Houston (1721 or 1722-1775), Engraver. Artist associated with 189 portraits.
Death of the Prime Minister Henry Pelham. He is succeeded by his brother Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle. General election increases the Whig party's majority
Art and science
Scottish chemist Joseph Black identifies carbon dioxide. Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufacture and Commerce (Society of Arts) is established in London. Designer and cabinet-maker Thomas Chippendale publishes his first catalogue of furniture. Philosopher David Hume's expansive and best-selling six-volume History of Great Britain
Albany Congress: the British colonies negotiate with the native-American Iroquois in the face of the French threat in the Ohio valley. Benjamin Franklin proposes that the colonies should unite to form a colonial government. The pro-union woodcut he publishes of a snake cut into eight pieces, entitled 'Join or Die', becomes America's first political cartoon. George Washington kills ten French troops at Fort Duquesne.