© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
by Richard Houston, after William Hoare Click on the links below to find out more
25 3/8 in. x 18 5/8 in. (646 mm x 474 mm) plate size
- William Hoare (1707-1792), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 74 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Richard Houston (1721 or 1722-1775), Engraver. Artist associated with 188 portraits.
Charles Edward Stuart ('Bonnie Prince Charlie') becomes the new Stuart claimant to the throne of Great Britain and figurehead for Jacobitism on the death of his father James Stuart, Pretender since 1701.Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham is dismissed as Prime Minister and succeeded by William Pitt the Elder.Stamp Act, passed the previous year, is repealed.
Art and science
Swiss painter Angelica Kauffmann settles in London.Oliver Goldsmith publishes his novel The Vicar of Wakefield
. Chemist Henry Cavendish publishes his paper 'On Factitious Airs' which is generally credited with showing the discovery of hydrogen.First golf club in England opens at Blackheath in Kent.Christie's auction house is founded in London.
Navigator and Royal Navy officer John Byron returns to England after his circumnavigation of the globe; the first to be completed in under two years. He takes possession of the Falkland Islands on behalf of Britain during his voyage. German writer Gotthold Leopold Lessing publishes his important work of literary criticism Laokoon; An Essay on the Limits of Painting and Poetry