© National Portrait Gallery, London
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales
by Bernard Baron, after Jean Baptiste van Loo Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1756
22 3/8 in. x 15 1/2 in. (567 mm x 393 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1957
- Bernard Baron (1696-1762), Engraver. Artist associated with 36 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Jean Baptiste van Loo (1684-1745), Painter. Artist associated with 56 portraits.
Government falls after criticism of its handling of the Seven Years War. Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle is succeeded by William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, who forms a ministry effectively run by William Pitt the Elder.
Art and science
Satiristist Thomas Rowlandson is born in Old Jewry in the City of London. His main rival James Gillray is born exactly a month later in Chelsea. Completion of William Edwards' Old Bridge, Pontypridd; the longest single span bridge in Britain for the next forty years..
'Black Hole of Calcutta': a group of British prisoners, including East India Company servant John Zephaniah Holwell, are locked in a small, overcrowded dungeon overnight when Fort William in Calcutta is captured by troops of the Nawab of Bengal. Holwell claims 123 of the 146 prisoners died. Outbreak of the Seven Years War in which Britain, Hanover, Prussia and Denmark are pitted against France, Austria, Russia and Sweden.