© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
by Walter Dolle, after Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1660s-1670s
5 5/8 in. x 3 1/8 in. (143 mm x 79 mm) plate size; 5 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in. (147 mm x 84 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- NPG D33054: George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (from same plate)
The Convention Parliament and Lords proclaim Charles II king after he issues a declaration from Breda offering an indemnity to those who had committed crimes against the crown during the civil war and Interregnum. Charles lands at Dover from The Hague on 25th May to great pomp and ceremony.
Art and science
Diarist Samuel Pepys starts his diary on 1st January, writing in shorthand. The diary became a unique social document, opening with a brief summary of his domestic situation and the political background. Dutch portrait painter, Peter Lely, is appointed principle painter to Charles II.Official foundation of the Royal Society.
The Anglo-Spanish War, begun by Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, formally ends after the restoration of the British monarchy and peace is made with Philip IV of Spain.