© National Portrait Gallery, London
Maria (née Walpole), Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh
by Richard Houston, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
13 1/2 in. x 10 in. (343 mm x 253 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1966
- Richard Houston (1721 or 1722-1775), Engraver. Artist associated with 189 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
Death of George II on 25 October at the age of 76. George III succeeds to the throne at the age of 22.
Art and science
German artist Johan Zoffany arrives in England, where he is instrumental in reviving the 'conversation piece' genre of painting. First public exhibition of paintings in England is held at the Society of Arts' Great Room in the Strand, London. The Public Ledger is founded; the oldest British periodical with continuous daily publication.
Seven Years' War: At the Battle of Carrickfergus in Ireland, a force of French troops captures the town of Carrickfergus before retiring. Surrender of Montreal to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst signals the virtual loss of Canada by the French. British troops oust the Nawab of Bengal Mir Jafar and replace him with Mir Quasim.Former Chief Tacky leads an unsuccessful slave rebellion in Jamaica, which aims to overthrow British rule.