© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; King George IV when Prince of Wales
by Richard Houston, published by Robert Sayer, after Robert Pyle Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, mid 1760s
19 3/4 in. x 13 7/8 in. (503 mm x 353 mm) plate size; 22 in. x 16 1/8 in. (560 mm x 408 mm) paper size
acquired unknown source, 1952
- Richard Houston (1721 or 1722-1775), Engraver. Artist associated with 189 portraits.
- Robert Pyle (active circa 1760-1768), Painter of portraits and fancy figure subjects. Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- Robert Sayer (1724 or 1725-1794), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 196 portraits.
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute resigns as Prime Minister following sustained attacks in the press and parliament. He is succeeded by George Grenville.Radical John Wilkes is arrested for attacking the king in his weekly satirical publication The North Briton. His arrest is declared illegal by Chief Justice Pratt and he is released, though expelled from Parliament.
Art and science
Biographer James Boswell is introduced to the writer Samuel Johnson for the first time at Thomas Davies's bookshop in Covent Garden, London. Josiah Wedgwood receives orders for his pottery from Queen Charlotte. He names his range of pottery 'Queen's Ware' after her.American painter Benjamin West settles in London, where he becomes famous for his large-scale history scenes.
Pontiac, an Ottawa chief, leads an uprising of the Indian tribes in America in an attempt to drive the British east. Royal Proclamation of 1763 is made by George III, regulating westward expansion of British North America.Seven Years' War: Treaty of Paris between Britain, France, Spain and Portugal and Treaty of Hubertusburg between Prussia and Austria end the Seven Years' War, leaving Britain in control of Canada, India and much of the Caribbean.