© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catherine Walpole (née Shorter), Lady Walpole
by John Simon, published by Robert Sayer, after Michael Dahl Click on the links below to find out more
mezzotint, published circa 1748-1760
14 in. x 10 in. (355 mm x 255 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Michael Dahl (1659-1743), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 167 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Robert Sayer (1724 or 1725-1794), Printseller and publisher. Artist associated with 196 portraits.
- John Simon (1675-1751), Mezzotint engraver. Artist associated with 213 portraits.
- NPG D5726: Catherine Walpole (née Shorter), Lady Walpole (from same plate)
In his role as magistrate, Henry Fielding organises the forerunner of the Bow Street Runners, effectively London's first police force. Fire in the City of London causes over a million pounds worth of damage.
Art and science
Tobias Smollett publishes The Adventures of Roderick Random
.Samuel Richardson publishes Clarissa
; the longest novel in the English language.Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding
.Physician John Fothergill's pamphlet Account of the Sore Throat attended with Ulcers
contains the first description of diphtheria.
Ancient Roman city of Pompeii is rediscovered near Naples, further fuelling a resurgence of interest in the antique among British collectors such as the diplomat Sir William Hamilton. Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.French writer Montesquieu anonymously publishes his influential treatise on political theory L'Esprit des Lois
(The Spirit of the Laws).