© National Portrait Gallery, London
Edward, Prince of Wales
by William Marshall Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1648
11 1/8 in. x 8 1/8 in. (284 mm x 205 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- William Marshall (active 1617-1649), Engraver. Artist associated with 189 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
- NPG D33212: Edward, Prince of Wales (from same plate)
Resurgence of civil war largely ends at the battle of Preston, won by Parliamentarians under Oliver Cromwell's command.Parliamentary General Henry Ireton's Army Remonstrance demands the king is tried an enemy of the state. Ireton also instigates a coups d'état, Pride's Purge, ridding Parliament of MPs supporting negotiations with Charles.
Art and science
John Wilkins, Bishop of Chester, publishes Mathematical Magick
, the first work in English on the fundamental principles of mechanics, conceived in the form of a practical manual.
A series of European treaties, negotiated since 1644, results in the Peace of Westphalia and ends the German phase of the Thirty Years' War, and war between the Dutch and Spain in the Eighty Years' War. Delegations are sent from around Europe, Henri II d'Orleans leads the French delegation.