© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Thomas Anthony Dean, after Henry William Pickersgill Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, published 4 January 1825
11 1/4 in. x 8 1/8 in. (286 mm x 205 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
Strikes, contract breaking and worker intimidation prompt the passing of a new Anti-Trade Union Combination Act to the dismay of economist John McCulloch, MP Joseph Hume and radical Francis Place who had worked for the repeal of the previous year. Catholic Relief Bill is rejected by the House of Lords.
Art and science
Construction of Thames Tunnel begins under the direction of Marc Isambard Brunel.Stockton to Darlington Railway, the world's first passenger system, opens.William Hazlitt publishes The Spirit of the Age
; twenty-five pen-portraits of his contemporaries in the world of literature, philosophy and politics.
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony
premieres in London. John Quincy Adams is elected President of the United States.